Since Terra utilizes the Cosmos Software Development Kit (SDK), the protocol will be built with CosmWasm smart contracts that can only upgrade the contract’s owner address. Therefore, Astroport’s owner address will be the governance contract itself. That means that the Astral Assembly must approve all upgrades to the Astroport smart contract on Terra and Astral Assembly treasury disbursement on the Terra blockchain. Upon approval, the upgrades or assignments will be autonomously executed. Since this process will be open and transparent, it should be challenging to approve malicious or insecure upgrades.